A server can be created using sockets. Sockets work on the application layer, it does not specify any protocol and on this level you’d define an application protocol yourself.
Creation of a socket server needs these steps:
- bind socket to port
- start listening
- wait for client
- receive data
- Complete Python Bootcamp: Go from zero to hero in Python
- Complete Python Web Course: Build 8 Python Web Apps
Example socket server
import socket import sys HOST = '' PORT = 7000 s = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM) print('# Socket created') # Create socket on port try: s.bind((HOST, PORT)) except socket.error as msg: print('# Bind failed. ') sys.exit() print('# Socket bind complete') # Start listening on socket s.listen(10) print('# Socket now listening') # Wait for client conn, addr = s.accept() print('# Connected to ' + addr + ':' + str(addr)) # Receive data from client while True: data = conn.recv(1024) line = data.decode('UTF-8') # convert to string (Python 3 only) line = line.replace("\n","") # remove newline character print( line ) s.close()
Once run, a server will be running on localhost port 7000.
# Socket bind complete
# Socket now listening
# Connected to 127.0.0.1:40499
Once running it will wait for messages. To connect with it, use telnet or modify the socket client from the previous section.