If you want to reuse code, you can use a function.

This prevents you from writing the same thing over and over again.

A function has a unique distinct name in the program. Once you call a function it will execute one or more lines of codes, which we will call a code block.

Related Course:
Complete Python Bootcamp: Go from zero to hero in Python

Function example

For example, we could have the Pythagoras function.

In case your math is a little rusty,  a^2 + b^2 = c^2. Thus, c = sqrt( a^2 + b^2). In code we could write that as:

We call the function with parameters a=3 and b =3 on the last line.  A function can be called several times with varying parameters. There is no limit to the number of function calls.

Note: The def keyword tells Python we define a function.  Always use four spaces to indent the code block, using another number of spaces will throw a syntax error.

Return value

It is also possible to store the output of a function in a variable.  To do so, we use the keyword return.

The function pythagoras is called with a=3 and b=3. The program execution continues in the function pythagoras. The output of math.sqrt(a*a + b*b) is stored in the function variable value. This is returned and the output is stored in the variable result. Finally, we print variable result to the screen.

Previous Post
Next Post


  • Napoleon says:

    When I initially commented I clicked the “Notify me when new comments are added” checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get three e-mails with the same comment. Is there any way you can remove people from that service? Cheers!

    • CodeNinja says:

      Removed your mail address, should be good now. Let me know if you still get mails

  • Ayush says:

    How do you do addition and subtraction?
    By the way I am a beginner

    • CodeNinja says:

  • Sebastian says:

    You got a small typo below the first block of code. I think it’s supposed to be ‘y=3’. 🙂

Leave a Reply