Make a graphical interface with PyQt?

Graphical interfaces made with PyQt run on: Microsoft Windows, Apple Mac OS X and Linux. We will create a Hello World app with PyQt.

Related course: Create PyQt Desktop Appications with Python (GUI)

PyQt installation

PyQt is available for both Python 2 (2.7.9 tested) and Python 3.

To install write:

pip3 install pyqt5

With apt-get you can use: python3-pyqt5

PyQt hello world

The app we write will show the message “Hello World” in a graphical window. Import the PyQt5 module.

import sys
from PyQt5 import QtCore, QtWidgets
from PyQt5.QtWidgets import QMainWindow, QLabel, QGridLayout, QWidget
from PyQt5.QtCore import QSize

class HelloWindow(QMainWindow):
def __init__(self):

self.setMinimumSize(QSize(640, 480))
self.setWindowTitle("Hello world -")

centralWidget = QWidget(self)

gridLayout = QGridLayout(self)

title = QLabel("Hello World from PyQt", self)
gridLayout.addWidget(title, 0, 0)

if __name__ == "__main__":
app = QtWidgets.QApplication(sys.argv)
mainWin = HelloWindow()
sys.exit( app.exec_() )

The program starts in the main part.

We initialize Qt and create an object of the type HelloWindow.

We call the show() method to display the window.

pyqt hello world
if __name__ == "__main__":
app = QtWidgets.QApplication(sys.argv)
mainWin = HelloWindow()
sys.exit( app.exec_() )

The HelloWindow class inherits from the class QMainWindow.

We call its super method to initialize the window.

Several class variables are set: size and window title.

We add widgets to the window, including a label widget (QLabel) which displays the message “Hello World”.

If you are new to Python PyQt, then I highly recommend this book.

Download PyQt Examples